Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Amartou monastery, Rhodes, Dodecanese,South Aegean

Tower of Amartos

  
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Tower of Amartos
Location:
At the west corner of the yard of the Monastery of Amartou in Rhodes, 5km SW of Kritinia
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
South Aegean
Dodecanese
Municipality > Town:
City of Rhodes
• Amartou monastery
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 230 m 
(Relative Height≈0 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
perhaps 14th century  
IOANNITE
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Castle-Monastery  
In Ruins
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ruins of a relatively big tower on the western edge of the enclosure of the Monastery of Panagia Amartou between the villages of Kritinia and Embonas in Rhodes.
The heart of the monastery is a simple chapel with the miraculous image of the Virgin that had been in the Middle Ages in the cave of Agiopetra located a little higher.

The chapel is located in an area where there are remains of a large monastery complex including this tower.


History

Originally, the monastery was Catholic, dedicated to Saint Martha. The name "Amartou" probably comes from localization of the Santa Martha .

The role of the tower is not known. Maybe it was a building of the monastery, maybe it was a mansion or maybe a defensive tower. Perhaps it existed before the monastery and before the Knights’ era. Most likely, however, it was built in the 14th century.


Structure, Fortification & Buildings

The tower was square with three storeys. The floor of the first floor was stone and the second wooden The east and west walls were 10.82m long and the others 9.89m.
The wall thickness is 1.5  meters.
It has been built with stones from the coast that is 2 km to the west. The walls were covered with rendering (plaster) internally and externally.

No marble escutcheon (with a knights’ coat of arms) has been found, which raises the suspicion that perhaps the tower was older than the era of the Hospitallers.

There is no sign of crenelation at the top. Probably it was covered by a tiled roof as concluded by the abraded tiles that were found in the rubble around the tower.


Sources

  • Peter Lock, Freestanding towers in the countryside of Rhodes, in “Byzantine Style, Religion and Civilization: In Honour of Sir Steven Runciman”, CAMBRIDGE University Press, 2006
  • Website ΟΔΥΣΣΕΥΣ - Greek Ministry of Culture Πύργος Αμάρτου



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