Corfu, Corfu, Kerkyra,Ionian islands
Old Fortress of Corfu
|Region > Prefecture:|
|Ionian islands |
|Municipality > Town:|
|City of Corfu |
|Elevation ≈ 40 m |
|Time of Construction||Origin|
The historical center of Corfu is marked by two fortresses: along the east side there is the Old Fortress on the sea, while on the west side there is the New Fortress. In the past, the two fortresses of Corfu were linked by large walls.
The oldest of the two is obviously the Old Fortress which is built on a rocky peninsula with two characteristic hills, on the east side of the city.
In the 6th century, the old town of Corfu located at the Kanoni peninsula (the Paleopoli) was destroyed by invaders and the survivors decided to build again the town in a safer area.. Later the town has been protected by the creation of a fortress around it. That was the Old Fortress which covers completely the small peninsula at the east end of Corfu town.
The fortifications of the fortress have been constructed and modified during a long period of many centuries. The first major construction work was carried out by the Byzantines. During the first Venetian period he castle’ s penisnsula was converted to an island and in the second Venetian period the castle took its final form. This happened sometime in the 16th century.
- Article in Wikipedia -Παλαιό ενετικό φρούριο (Κέρκυρα)
- Website corfu-kerkyra.eu - THE FORTRESSES
- Website CorfuHistory - Οχυρώσεις 17-18ου αιώνα
- Facebook page Προστασία και ανάδειξη των κερκυραϊκών οχυρώσεων
|Google search inside the site|
|Approach to the monument:|
|From the city of Corfu.|
| Openς: daily 8.30-17.00 and May to September daily 8.00-19.00,
|Other castles around|
|Tower of Garoufa|
|Fortress of Kassiopi|
|New Fortress of Corfu|