Castles of Greece


Koxare, Agios Vasileios, Rhithymna,Crete

Koules of Koxare

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Koules of Koxare
South of the Village Koxare, south of Rethymno, in Crete
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
Municipality > Town:
City of Agios Vasileios
• Koxare
Elevation ≈ 352 m 
(Relative Height≈150 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
1866 or shortly after  
Castle Type   Condition
Small Fort  
Rather Poor

One of the many small forts -the so called “koules”- built by the Turks after 1886 following the outbreak of the Cretan revolution that year.

It was one of the forts guarding the important passage from Mesara plain to Sfakia area. It was built near the entrance of the gorge Kourtaliotis, near the village Koxare.

It was partially destroyed by the Greek rebels in 1896.

Structure, Fortification & Buildings

The fort consists of a large inner yard, enclosed all along the western side by two adjoining spaces linked with arches. Those spaces are covered by dome-shaped roofs.
At the eastern part, there is an edifice, which is also roofed with a dome that lies lower than the other two. It is accessible through a ramp on the southern side.

The fortress was built of local whitish stone and hard connecting mortar. Both inside and outside it is coated. The thickness of the masonry is 1.20 m. The western and eastern edifices have collapsed. There is a cistern for the collection of rainwater, which is partially preserved preserved.


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