Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Agia Marina, Leros, Dodecanese,South Aegean

Castle of Leros

or Pantelion Castle or Castle of Panagia  
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Castle of Leros
Location:
Agia Marina, Leros island
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
South Aegean
Dodecanese
Municipality > Town:
City of Leros
• Agia Marina
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 600 m 
Time of Construction   Origin
11th century  
BYZANTINE
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Island Citadel  
Average
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The castle of Leros, also called the castle of Panteliou or castle of Panagia (Lady Mary), was built in the 11th century by the Byzantines. It dominates on the northeastern part of the island of Leros.


History

In 1087, the castle was given by the emperor Alexios I Komnenos to osios Christodoulos, the same monk who founded the Monastery of Patmos. It seems that the castle was already in bad condition then.

In the 13th century Leros was captured by the Genoans and later by the Venetians.

In 1309, the Knights of Saint John arrived and during their occupation, some serious reinforcement and restoration work was done in the castle.

The Ottomans tried to take the castle in 1505 and 1508 without success. Finally, they got the island in 1522, after the Siege of Rhodes and the subsequent departure of the knights from Dodecanese.

During the Italian occupation (1912-1945) the castle was used as a military base and some constructions of cement were added to the castle.


Sources


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Road map to Castle of Leros

Access
Approach to the monument:
You can go to the castle using the stairs from Platanos or by car taking the road froma Panteli.
Entrance:
?

Timeline
  • 11th or 10th cent.: Construction of a Byzantine fort
  • 1087: The castle is given to osios Christodoulos
  • 13th cent.:Genoan and Venetians
  • 1309: Captured by the Knights of St. Joghn
  • 1505 & 1508 : Besieged by the Turks
  • 1522 : The Turks take the island
  • 1821 : Leros takes part in the Greek revolution
  • 1912 : Italian occupation
  • 1821 : Leros takes part in the revolution
  • 1912 : Italian occupation



Other castles around
Bourtzi of Agia Marina
Castle of Casteli
Castle of Chora of Kalymnos
Castle of Lepides
Castle of Telendos
Chrysocheria Castle