Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Platiana, Andritsaina-Krestena, Elis,West Greece

Castle of Paliakoumpa

or Castle of Acumba or Accomba or Le Combe  
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Castle of Paliakoumpa
Location:
On a hill 2 km east of the village Platiana of Elis, eastern Peloponnese
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
West Greece
Elis
Municipality > Town:
City of Andritsaina-Krestena
• Platiana
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 460 m 
(Relative Height≈50 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
Unknown  
FRANKISH
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Castle  
In Ruins
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

A castle and a small medieval settlement 1km east of the village Platiana in Elis.


Location & Strategic Scope

The castle is close (1km to the east), to the archaeological site of an Hellenistic acropolis which was not in use in the Middle Ages. The location of Paliakoumpa commands two main old main roads, the Platiana-Vresto Zourtsa (Kato Phigaleia) road and the Platiana-Longo-Fanari-Andritsaina road. It has also a good view of the valley of Alfeios river.


The Name of the Castle

The castle has been identified as Castello della Cumba of the fief lists of 1377, La Combe of the 1391 list, Acumba of the Venetian catalog of 1467 and Accomba of the map of Nicolas de Fer (1705).

The identification and the name “kastro of Paliakoumpa” was proposed by Meyer (1957) who noticed that the local name of the hilly area south of Platiana is “Paliakoumpa”, which could derive from the various frankish versions of the name of the castle. The name cumba or comba comes probably from a medieval Spanish or Italian word meaning hump. Indeed, the shape of the hill above Platiana looks like a hump.


History

It is not certain which was the ancient city west of the castle. It could have been the ancient Typaneai (or Ypana) or Aipy (mentioned by Homer). Apparently, the city was deserted by the end of the Hellenistic period.

The medieval settlement was created later, in the middle Byzantine or the Frankish era. We do not know when exactly.

Nothing is known about the medieval history of the castle. The only records about it is in the various Frankish lists of fiefs. In 1377, it belonged to the Prince of Achaea. In 1391, it was a property of Moyne de Pollay, who most probably never actually owned the place. At that period, the Principality was under the rule of the Navarrese company of mercenaries, while the Frankish Contenders of the throne (Amedee de Savoie and Charles III of Naples) granted titles and properties in the Morea which had no real value.

From the beginning of the 15th century, Paliacumpa must have been in the hands of the Byzantines of the Despotate of Mystras. The Venetian census of 1467 notes the castle as an Ottoman possession. The settlement must have been abandoned in the beginning of Tourkokratia, since there are no findings or records from that period. The fact that Accomba is mentioned in a 18th century map could mean that the French cartographer copied an old Frankish map.

Meyer notes that a copper coin was found there (tomessello, Venetian coin of Doge Antonio Venieri 1382-1400). This is the only known medieval finding from the site (apart from the ruins of the buildings).


Structure, Fortification & Buildings

The kastro consists of three levels. The upper level is unfortified. The middle and lower level are fortified and contain houses.


Sources

  • Konstantinos Kourelis, “MONUMENTS OF RURAL ARCHAEOLOGY MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENTS ΙΝ ΤΗΕ NORTHWESTERN PELOPONNESE”, Presented to the Faculties of the University of Pennsylvania in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, pag.339, 2003
  • Antoine Bon, 1969, La Morée franque. Recherches historiques, topographiques et archéologiques sur la principauté d'Achaïe (1205-1430), Editions de Boccard, pag.391
  • Meyer, Emst, Neue Peloponnesische Wαnderungen. Bern, 1957, pag. 36-39.
  • Ioannis Sphikopoulos, Τα µεσαιωνικά κάστρα του Μορηά , Athens,1987, pag. 307-308
  • Ιστοσελίδα Αριστομένης ο Μεσσήνιος - άστρο Παλιακούμπα, Τριφυλία

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