Castles of Greece


Kleidi, Zacharo, Elis,West Greece

Castle of Samiko

or Castle of Kleidi  
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Castle of Samiko
In the archaeological site of Samiko NE of the village Kleidi in Zacharo, Eleia, Western Peloponnese
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
West Greece
Municipality > Town:
City of Zacharo
• Kleidi
Elevation ≈ 170 m 
(Relative Height≈110 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
5th cent. BC  
Castle Type   Condition
Ancient Castle  
Rather Poor

Samikon was an ancient city abandoned around the 6th century AD and revived as a fort during Fragokratia and the Ottoman period.

Location & Strategic Scope

The location is of a certain strategic importance because it controls the narrow passage of “Kleidi” between the mountains of Eleia and the western coast of Peloponnese.


  • Konstantinos Kourelis, “MONUMENTS OF RURAL ARCHAEOLOGY MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENTS ΙΝ ΤΗΕ NORTHWESTERN PELOPONNESE”, Presented to the Faculties of the University of Pennsylvania in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 2003, πpp.384,297
  • Antoine Bon, 1969, La Morée franque. Recherches historiques, topographiques et archéologiques sur la principauté d'Achaïe (1205-1430), Editions de Boccard, pp.337-338,374-375
  • Website ΟΔΥΣΣΕΥΣ - Greek Ministry of Culture- Kato Samiko
  • pictures from Panoramio, user stevenvanValen+hannekeRolloos

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Road map to Castle of Samiko

Approach to the monument:

Other castles around
Araklovo Castle
Castle of Kalidona
Castle of Oleni
Castle of Paliakoumpa
Castle of Smerna