Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Servia, Servia-Velventos, Kozani,West Macedonia

Servia Castle

or Castle of Oria  
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Servia Castle
Location:
On the western slopes of mount Pieria, near Servia, Western Macedonia
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
West Macedonia
Kozani
Municipality > Town:
City of Servia-Velventos
• Servia
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 565 m 
(Relative Height≈420 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
560-650 AD  
BYZANTINE
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Fortress-state  
Not Good
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Servia was an important city of Macedonia in the Byzantine period.

The castle included 3 parts: The Acropolis, the Upper-City and the Lower-City. Each part had its own fortification.


History

The fortifications at Servia were built either in the reign of Justinian or later, at the time of the Slavic invasions, i.e. sometime between the years 560 and 650. Most of the fortifications that are visible today are remains of a major reconstruction in the 10th and 11th centurty. The castle was also repaired later in the Paleologean period.


Structure, Fortification & Buildings

The fotrification consist of three successive enclosures. The outer wall, sections of which still stand, marked out the 7.5 hectares taken up by the lower city. The intermediary enclosure delimited the 2 hectares of the upper city; it was polygonal, reinforced with rectangular and polygonal towers and had at least one gate. The third and smallest enclosure ran around the 0.25 hectare occupied by the citadel, and had three small gates and a central gateway on the northwest side. This gate was flanked by two four-sided towers, of which the north one still stands to a height of about 18 metres, divided into a ground floor and three upper floors.


Sources


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