Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

lens

Lavra monastery, Athos

Tzimiskes Tower

or Tsimiskis Tower  
★ ★ ★ ★
 <  443 / 852  > 
Tzimiskes Tower
Location:
Megisti Lavra monastery, Athos mountain
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
Athos
Mount Athos
Municipality > Town:

• Lavra monastery
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 162 m 
Time of Construction   Origin
11th century  
BYZANTINE
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Castle-Monastery  
Relatively Good
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

A tower at the SW corner of the fortified wall of the monastery of Agia Lavra in Athos mountain.
It was constructed in two phases. The first was in the 10th century and the second major phase in 1522.


History

The monastery was founded by the reformer of Athonite monasticism St Athanasios around 963, with money provided by the emperor Nicephoros Phocas. It stands first in the hierarchy of Athonite monasteries and is one of the largest complex of buildings on Mount Athos. The core of the katholikon was built by the saint around the year 1000. The church is dedicated to the Annunciation and its feast day on 5 July is celebrated in memory of St Athanasios, whose tomb is in the chapel of the Forty Martyrs. The wall-paintings in the katholikon are by Theophanes the Cretan (1535), and those in the chapel of St. Nicholas by Frangos Catelanos (1560).

The fortification of the monastery, from the entrance until the middle of the southern side remains the same since the 11th century. Part of this is the imposing tower of Tzimiskes. It was named, obviously, after the Byzantine emperor John I Tzimiskes (or Tsimiskis) who was one of its first supporters and sponsors. Besides the financial support, the emperor issued in 972 the Tragos which was the founding document and the first constitution of the monastic state of Athos.

The tower was first built in the 11th century. It has 4 floors and is 24m high. It was renovated several times, in 1325, in 1522 (when the top floor was added) and finally in 1688.


Sources


Your comments:


Google search inside the site


Road map to Tzimiskes Tower

Access
Approach to the monument:
You can enter Mount Athos only by boat from Ouranoupolis, Nea Roda or Ierissos (one depart per day) to Daphne. From there, you may visit the monasteries by bus or on foot.
Entrance:
The entrance to the monasteries of "Agio Oros" is free, but you need a special permit to visit mount Athos. Women are not allowed in.


Similar
Great Tower of St. Paul Monastery
Tower of Dionysios Monastery
Tower of Dochiariou
Tower of Karakallou
Great Tower of Pantocrator

Other castles around
Kathisma of Agios Efstathios
Great Tower of St. Paul Monastery
Arsanas Tower of Simonopetra
Tower of Arsanas of Iviron
Fort of Karakallou port
Arsanas of Lavra Monastery
Tower of Panagia of Vatopedion
Tower of Dionysios Monastery
Tower of Dochiariou
Tower of Kaliagra
Tower of Karakallou
Kolitsou Tower
Tower of Koutloumousiou monastery
Metamorphosis Tower
Tower of Morfonou
Tower of Nea Skiti
Great Tower of Pantocrator
Paliopyrgos of Agios Pavlos
Tower of Poulcheria
Tower of Protato
Tower of Stavronikita