Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Bochali, Zakynthos, Ionian islands

Fortress of Zakynthos

or Fortress of Bochali  
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Fortress of Zakynthos
Location:
Zakynthos, on a hill above the city
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
Ionian islands
Zakynthos
Municipality > Town:
City of Zakynthos
• Bochali
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 145 m 
Time of Construction   Origin
finished in 1646  
VENETIAN
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Fortress  
Average
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The Venetian castle of Zakynthos is above Zakynthos town in the region of Bochali. It is built on ancient ruins of the ancient acropolis of the island , named Psofida. The area is a beautiful park today.


History

The exact date of the first construction of the Venetian Castle is not certain, but it is believed it was in 1480 right after they occupied the island. During the Venetian rule, the Castle was the capital of Zakynthos island.

Soon after been built, the castle was destroyed by invading Turks. In 1514, was repaired, again by the Venetians.

The strong earthquakes that have frequently struck the island, have destroyed the fortifications so often that they had constantly to be rebuilt. The construction of the walls and the Fortress defensive system, which are still preserved today, was completed in 1646 when proveditor general da mar was Iohannem Battista Grimani.

An important program of conservation of the Castle was carried out by the English in 1812 while they were in control of the island. The sewage and water supply systems were created in that period.

Recent excavations at the Venetian Castle have found monuments from the Byzantine period, including a church dated back to the 12th century.


Sources


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Road map to Fortress of Zakynthos

Access
Approach to the monument:
-
Entrance:
Open to the public: Tuesday-Sunday, 8.30-15.00 and from May to September 8.30-19.00
Ticket 3€

Timeline
  • 1480: Foundation of the Venetian castle
  • 1480: Destroyed by the Ottomans
  • 1514: Repaired by the Venetians
  • 1646: Reconstruction by the Venetians
  • 1797: End of Venetian rule, French occupation
  • 1812: Repaired by the British



Other castles around
Tower of Agios Ioannis Prodromos
Vardiola of Agios Nikolaos
Vardiola at Akrotiri
Vardiola of Argasi
Vardiola of Kypseli
Paliokastro of Machairado
Vardiola in Mikro Nisi
Peluso tower
Vardiola in Tsilivi