Kochylos, Andros, Cyclades,South Aegean
Castle of Faneromeni
|On the plateau of a hill above village Kochylos in Andros island|
|Region > Prefecture:|
|South Aegean |
|Municipality > Town:|
|City of Andros |
|Elevation ≈ 560 m |
|Time of Construction||Origin|
|1207 to 1233||
Pano Kastro (meaning “Upper castle”) or Castle of Faneromeni or castle of Kochylos or castle of Gria (meaning “Old lady”) was the largest medieval city-fortress of Andros. It is built on a plateau with very good natural fortification at an elevation 0f 560 meters.
It was not a huge place but it could provide sufficient protection for a population of 1000.
Generally, it is considered a Venetian fortification, although it is possible that a settlemment existed there since the Byzantine period and it was fortified and developed by the Venetians after the 13th century.
Nothing special is known about the history of the city. It never attracted a large population in periods of peace and it must have been abamdoned around the 17th century, when the era of piracy was over.
- H. Deliyanni-Dori , AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY AT THE EPANO KASTRO OF ANDROS. SOME CONSIDERATIONS ΔΕΛΤΙΟΝ ΤΗς ΧΡΙΣΤΙΑΝΙΚΗΣ ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΗΣ ΕΤΑΙΡΕΙΑΣ, Τόμος ΚΖ΄ (2006) • Σελ. 471-480, Αθήνα 2006
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