Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Kochylos, Andros, Cyclades,South Aegean

Castle of Faneromeni

or Castle of Gria or Epano Kastro or Castle of Kochylo  
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Castle of Faneromeni
Location:
On the plateau of a hill above village Kochylos in Andros island
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
South Aegean
Cyclades
Municipality > Town:
City of Andros
• Kochylos
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 560 m 
Time of Construction   Origin
1207 to 1233  
VENETIAN
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Fortress-state  
In Ruins
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Pano Kastro (meaning “Upper castle”) or Castle of Faneromeni or castle of Kochylos or castle of Gria (meaning “Old lady”) was the largest medieval city-fortress of Andros. It is built on a plateau with very good natural fortification at an elevation 0f 560 meters.

It was not a huge place but it could provide sufficient protection for a population of 1000.

Generally, it is considered a Venetian fortification, although it is possible that a settlemment existed there since the Byzantine period and it was fortified and developed by the Venetians after the 13th century.

Nothing special is known about the history of the city. It never attracted a large population in periods of peace and it must have been abamdoned around the 17th century, when the era of piracy was over.


Sources

  • H. Deliyanni-Dori , AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY AT THE EPANO KASTRO OF ANDROS. SOME CONSIDERATIONS ΔΕΛΤΙΟΝ ΤΗς ΧΡΙΣΤΙΑΝΙΚΗΣ ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΚΗΣ ΕΤΑΙΡΕΙΑΣ, Τόμος ΚΖ΄ (2006) • Σελ. 471-480, Αθήνα 2006

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Other castles around
Tower of Agios Petros
Lower Castle of Andros
Bistis-Mouvelas Tower