Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Mendenitsa, Molos-Agios Konstantinos, Phthiotis,Central Greece

Castle of Mendenitsa

or Bodonitsa Castle  
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Castle of Mendenitsa
Location:
Mendenitsa, Fthiotida, Central Greece
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
Central Greece
Phthiotis
Municipality > Town:
City of Molos-Agios Konstantinos
• Mendenitsa
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 550 m 
(Relative Height≈40 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
1204  
FRANKISH
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Castle  
Average
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

A Frankish castle in the village of Mendenitsa at the north slopes of mountain Kallidromon, right above the passage of Thermopylae.


History

The castle was built in 1204 by the Lombard knight Guido Pallavicini who had become marquess of Bodonitsa under the “king of Thessalonica” Boniface of Montferrat after the fall of Constantinople in 1204, at the beginning of the Frankish occupation of Greece.

Later, after the downfal of the kingdom of Thessalonica in 1224, Mendenitsa became somehow autonomous, though a vassal of the Principality of Achaea.

The state survived when in 1311 the Catalans became rulers of the Duchy of Athens. In 1335 the Venetian Niccolo I Zorzi became the lord of Mendenitsa after his marriage with the last descendant of the Pallavicini family, Guglielma, known as “The Lady of Thermopylae”.

The Ottomans captured the castle in 20th June 1414. The last marquis Niccolo II Zorzi fled to Venice.

Under Turkish rule, Mendenitsa gradually declined as it lost its strategic value after the prevalence of the Ottomans all over Greece.

The castle was taken by the Greeks in the first months of the Greek Revolution in 1821.


Sources

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Road map to Castle of Mendenitsa

Access
Approach to the monument:
The castle is in the village of Mendenitsa, 14km from the National Road Athens-Thessaloniki (exit Thermopylae).
Entrance:
The entrance is free. You walk there from the village.

Timeline
  • 1204: Foundation of the fief and the castle by Guy Pallavicini
  • 1224: Autonomous after the end of the kingdom of Thessalonica
  • 1248: Vassal state of the Principality of Achaea
  • 1311: Vassal state of the Catalans of the Duchy of Athens
  • 1335: The Venetian Niccolo I Zorzi becomes the new marquis
  • 1410: First capture by the Ottomans
  • 1414: Final conquest by the Ottomans
  • 1821: Liberation in the beginning of the Greek Revolution



Other castles around
Acropolis of Achinos
Tower of Amfikleia
Castle of Lamia
Tower of Lilaia
Tower of Madamia in Polydroso
Tower of Parorio
Monastery of Profitis Elias