Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Alagni, Archanes-Asterousia, Herakleion,Crete

Fortress of Tholoi

  
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Fortress of Tholoi
Location:
On a hill west of the village Alagni and south of Choudetsi in Archanes, Crete
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
Crete
Herakleion
Municipality > Town:
City of Archanes-Asterousia
• Alagni
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 640 m 
(Relative Height≈80 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
16th century  
VENETIAN
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Tower House  
Rather Poor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

A small fort which was built during the last years of the Venetian period of Crete (16th or early 17th century).

The initial building had two storeys. The remaining part of the complex has three dome-shaped rooms, hence the name of the fort (tholos=dome)

At the foot of the hill there is the church of Agioi Apostoloi.

Three things are different in this “castle”: 1) the main building is similar to other Venetian villas in Crete and bears no resemblance to a tower or fort, b) the walls of the fortification are unusually short, c) The place is not mentioned in the official Venetian archives.
All these indicate that Tholoi was not actually a fort but rather a mansion with a view and some fortification.
But this fortification includes some older elements, maybe from an old Byzantine fort.


Sources

  • Nikos M.Gigourtakis , Monograph in the History Department of the University of Crete, “Byzantine fortifications in Crete in the 2nd Byzantine period (961-1204)”, Rethymno 2004

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