Kastrologos
Castles of Greece

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Kato Chorio, Ierapetra, Rhithymna,Crete

Koules of Episkopi

  
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Koules of Episkopi
Location:
North of Kato Chorio of Lasithi region in Crete
Region > Prefecture:   Greek Map
Crete
Rhithymna
Municipality > Town:
City of Ierapetra
• Kato Chorio
Altitude:
Elevation ≈ 165 m 
(Relative Height≈110 m)
Time of Construction   Origin
1868  
OTTOMAN
H 
Castle Type   Condition
Small Fort  
Rather Poor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

One of the many small forts -the so called “koules”- built by the Turks after 1886 following the outbreak of the Cretan revolution that year.


History

The “Isthmus of Ierapetra” is the narrowest part of Crete located in Lasithi with a lenght of 12km connecting the north coast to the south coast of the island.

The Ottomans built four koules in this strategic piece of land: in Pachia Ammos, in Vasiliki, in Episkopi and in Kentri.

The Koules of Episkopi was a central fort, larger that the other nearby koules and it was used for the station of a larger military unit. The Turkish name of these central forts was “kislas”.

Its shape was rectangular with towers-bastions at each corner. Its dimensions are 15x40m. It was built in 1868 by Avni pasha.

It could communicate with the fort of Vasiliki to the north and the fort of Kentri to the south. The Koules of Kentri was the intermediate military station between Episkopi and the fortress of Ierapetra and today does not exist, as a school has been built in its place.


Sources

  • Giannis Christakis, "Historical Fortification Monuments of Crete (330BC-1898)", Publication "Ktitika Grammata", 2004

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Road map to Koules of Episkopi

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Other castles around
Castle of Agios Stefanos
Tower of Ambela
Kales of Ierapetra
Kornaros Tower
Liopetro Fortress
Mesokastela
Koules of Pachia Ammos
Tower of Vainia
Koules of Vasiliki